Background Terms:
Monroe Doctrine: an American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside

Spanish-American War: a war between the United States and Spain in 1898. The United States emerges victorious, and Spain is forced to cede Cuba, Peuto Rico and the Phillipine Islands to the United States

Panama Canal: a ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States between 1904 and 1914

Roosevelt Corollary: a substantial amendment to the Monroe Doctrine by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt in 1904. Roosevelt's extension of the Monroe Doctrine asserted the right of the United States to intervene to stabilize the economic affairs of small states in the Caribbean and Central America if they were unable to pay their international debts. The alternative was intervention by European powers, especially Britain and Germany, which loaned money to the countries that did not repay. The catalyst of the new policy was Germany's aggressiveness in the Venezuela affair of 1902-03

Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna: Mexican general who tried to crush the Texas revolt and who lost battles to Winfield Scott and Zachary Taylor in the Mexican War (1795-1876)

Benito Juarez: (1806‑1872) was Mexico ’s president from 1858 to 1872, during a period of political and social reform known as La Reforma

La Reforma: A period of political and social reform in Mexico, charecterized by liberal reforms and the transformation of Mexico into a Nation State

Porfirio Diaz: (15 September 1830 – 2 July 1915) was a Mexican-American War volunteer, French Intervention hero, and became the president of Mexico from 1876 to 1880 and from 1884 to 1911, and one of the most controversial figures of the country.

Francisco Madero: (October 30, 1873 – February 22, 1913) was a politician, writer and revolutionary who served as President of Mexico from 1911 to 1913. As a respectable upper-class politician he supplied a center around which opposition to the dictatorship of Porfirio Díaz could coalesce. However, once Díaz was deposed, the Mexican Revolution quickly spun out of Madero's control. He was deposed and executed by the Porfirista military and his aides that he neglected to replace with revolutionary supporters. His assassination was followed by the most violent period of the revolution (1913-1917) until the Constitution of 1917 and revolutionary president Venustiano Carranza achieved some degree of stability

Francisco "Pancho Villa": a Mexican Revolutionary general. commander of the División del Norte (Division of the North), he was the veritable caudillo of the Northern Mexican state of Chihuahua; which, given its size, mineral wealth, and proximity to the United States of America, gave him great popularity. Villa was also provisional Governor of Chihuahua in 1913 and 1914. While he was prevented from being accepted into the "panteòn" of national heroes until some twenty years after his death, today his memory is honored by Mexicans and many Mexican-Americans. In addition, numerous streets and neighborhoods in Mexico are named in his honor.

Emiliano Zapata: (August 10, 1879–April 10, 1919) was a leading figure in the Mexican Revolution, which broke out in 1910, and which was initially directed against the president Porfirio Díaz. He formed and commanded an important revolutionary force, the Liberation Army of the South.

Powerpoint: This powerpoint is a quick rundown of U.S. Economic Imperialism in Latin America and its effects on the region today.

Map: There are two maps. The first shows Guam, The Phillipines and Hawaii. The second Shows Cuba, Peurto Rico, and the Carribean Islands. Capitals of US held Island chains and islands to small to have cities labled are cicrled in red for viewing convince.
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Visual Aides:
This is a link to a teacher's lesson plan called "The Birth of American Imperialism as seen through the political cartoon" It features 6 wonderful, full page sized politcal cartoons. Just thought that It would be a helpful resource. http://www.oah.org/pubs/magazine/1898/martinez-lesson.pdf

Moving on. This is a short, amatuer documentary that was shown at the state level in Nebraska National History day competition. Its a recap of the Fillipino Insurrection, also known as the US Phillipine war that resulted in the death of 200,000 Fillipinos and 5,000 Americans. This does well to show that while the Latin American governments might not have minded being economicially dominated by the United States, the Fillipinos certainly did.

This is a picture of a Mexican Gold mine. Minerals througout Latin America were the prize of Western investment, and Gold mines like these always gave a good return. These Gold mines could have been found all throughout Mexico. Gold was a driving force behined old imperialism, so its only natural that it be a driving force behined new imperialism as well.
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This is a political Cartoon. The cartoon is of Theodore Roosevelt (the United States) single handedly digging digging the Panama canal with a shovel. The cartoon shows other peoples under the dirt that Roosevelt is throwing to the side.
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This next cartoon is again of Theodore Roosevelt. However, this time he is walking with his famed "Big Stick" while pulling a string of US warships through the Carribean. The Ships are labeled things such as "Tax Collection". These cartoons give instight to the fact that some people were not in favor of US invovlement in the Carribean Islands, and thought that we were there not to protect up and coming democracies, but to make a profit
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This last and final cartoon is again of Theodore Roosevelt. In this rendition, Teddy is riding a US warship through the Panama canal while holding his faithful companion the "Big Stick". A cristicism of US military presence, perhaps?
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